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Poly(vinyl alcohol) Chains Grafted onto the Surface of Copper Oxide Nanoparticles: Application in Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Optically Active and Thermally Stable Nanocomposites Based on Poly(amide-imide) Containing N-trimellitylimido-L-valin

Abstract

Green polymer nanocomposites (NCs) show unique properties of combining the advantages of nanofillers and organic polymers. In this study, in order to control the dispersion of nanoparticles (NPs) in a polymer matrix, first, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as a green modifier was grafted on the surface of the CuO NPs to obtain CuO-PVA nanohybrid. Then poly(amide-imide) (PAI) was synthesized by the direct step growth polymerization of N-trimellitylimido-L-valine and 4,4′-methylenebis(3-chloro-2,6-diethylaniline) in ionic liquid medium. Finally, CuO-PVA hybrids were incorporated into the PAI matrix using ultrasonic technique for the preparation of PAI/CuO-PVA NCs. The obtained PAI/CuO-PVA NCs were characterized by different methods. The results of thermogravimetric analysis showed that thermal stability of the NCs was enhanced by incorporation of CuO-PVA nanohybrid compared to the pure PAI.