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A facile route for the preparation of novel optically active poly(amide-imide)/functionalized zinc oxide nanocomposites containing pyromellitoyl-bis-L-phenylalanine moieties

Abstract

In the present investigation, at first, the surface of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles was treated with a silane coupling agent of γ-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxy silane (KH570), which introduces organic functional groups on the surface of ZnO nanoparticles. Secondly, optically active poly(amide–imide) (PAI) was synthesized via solution polycondensation of N,N′-(pyromellitoyl)-bis-phenylalanine diacid chloride 1 (M-1) with 4,4′-diaminodiphenylsulfone 2 (M-2). The polycondensation of diacid chloride with aromatic diamine was carried out with N,N-dimethylacetamide/triethylamine systems. Finally PAI/ZnO nanocomposites (NCs) containing 4, 8, and 12% of nanoparticles were successfully fabricated through ultrasonic irradiation technique. The obtained NCs were characterized by Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetry analysis, X-ray powder diffraction, UV–Vis spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The FT-IR spectroscopy indicated that the silane coupling agent was anchored on the surface of ZnO nanoparticles. SEM, FE-SEM, and TEM images were showed ZnO nanoparticles were dispersed homogeneously in PAI matrix.

 

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