Effect of carbon black nanoparticles on reflective behavior of printed cotton/nylon fabrics in visible/near infrared regions
Tuning the level of visible and near infrared (NIR) reflectance of textile surfaces is crucial for making them undetected in each environment. In this regard, samples of cotton/nylon fabrics were printed using a mixture of some special pigments and carbon black (CB) nanoparticles to produce brown, olive green and khaki shades which are present in concealment patterns of textiles employed in deserts. The effect of CB nanoparticles on Vis/NIR reflectance, air permeability, perspiration, light, wash fastnesses, and colorimetric values of each printed sample were evaluated. The presence of CB nanoparticles in printing formulations was found to cause significant decline in Near Infrared (NIR) reflectance of samples. The results showed that air permeability of samples printed containing CB nanoparticles are higher than samples printed with no CB particles. Absorbing phenomenon imposed by CB nanoparticles was fast against washing and perspiration, although printed samples indicated high to moderate light fastness. Furthermore, detectable change in visible appearance of the printed patterns was the main point of concern even at concentrations as low as 0.05 g/kg CB in printing formulation.