Use of PVA/α-MnO 2-stearic acid nanocomposite films prepared by sonochemical method as a potential sorbent for adsorption of Cd (II) ion from aqueous solution
Alpha manganese dioxide (α-MnO2) nanorods have been covalently functionalized with stearic acid by solvothermal method. The α-MnO2-stearic acid nanorods were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The amount of stearic acid grafted onto α-MnO2 surface was determined about 41 wt% by thermogravimetric analysis. The α-MnO2-stearic acid nanorods was used as nanofiller for the preparation of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanocomposites (NCs). The NCs with 1, 3, and 5 wt% of nanofiller were prepared through ultrasound assisted technique as an economical, fast, eco-friendly, and effective method. The PVA/α-MnO2-stearic acid NCs were characterized by different techniques. The results showed that with increasing the α-MnO2-stearic acid content, the thermal stability and tensile properties were improved. Besides, the NC 5 wt% was used as adsorbent for sorption of Cd (II) ion. The adsorption efficiency of NC 5 wt% in different initial concentrations of Cd (II) ion (20–100 mg L−1) was 58–95%. All the isotherm data were well fitted by both Langmuir and Freundlich equations. The adsorption kinetics study demonstrated that pseudo-second-order model was the best fit with the experimental data. The results indicated that prepared NCs are promising adsorbents for the removal of Cd (II) ion from the aqueous solution.